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Metacognition & Self Regulation

Metacognition - it sounds like a complicated word, but it's really just about learning behaviour.


A learning behaviour is something that allows a child to learn effectively in the group setting of a classroom. In addition to helping them in school, children and students should develop these behaviour or skills at home so they are:

  • Prepared for life beyond school
  • Able to adapt to new environments and learn new things


There are 3 key strands to metacognition


  • Emotional strand - where children are able to:
    • Name their emotions/feelings and express them accurately
    • Manage impulses of personal behaviour
    • Show pride in successes and build confidence 
    • Develop resilience


  • Social strand - where children are able to:
    • Focus on learning in class
    • Pay attention to directions and listen to the teacher
    • Show empathy and sustain relationships with adults and peers


  • Cognitive strand - where children are able to:
    • Organise time and space for their own learning
    • Set goals and monitor their own progress
    • Talk purposefully with peers, valuing other opinions